Literacy encompasses reading and writing as a means of communication. Literacy includes these skills;
- Phonological (sound) awareness: Phonological awareness is the ability to understand that spoken words are made up of smaller ‘units’ of sound. It involves a number of skills, such as identifying the different sounds in words and completing tasks that require the child to change particular sounds in words. Phonological awareness skills are important for learning to read and write as children come to develop an awareness of letters and their relationship to sounds (often called ‘phonics’).
- Alphabet knowledge
- High Frequency Words
- Spelling rules
- Spelling patterns
- Word building
Good early literacy skills are necessary as future literacy lies not just in being able to read and write, but also to interpret and appreciate a large amount of digital information.